Be released by two: investigation and analysis.
This precept has two main meanings. The first meaning is we should be aware of all our actions of body, speech, and mind. With this mindfulness we can gradually overcome all our faults.
From a practical point of view, pride is actually the most harmful of all the delusions. Why? Because pride functions to blind us to our own faults. If we are unaware of our faults, then there is no way we can overcome them. Our pride does not prevent others from being able to catalog clearly all of our faults, but with pride even when others point out to us our shortcomings we fail to see them and we instead see all of the faults of the person “attacking and criticizing us.” When we suffer from pride, when we do become aware of our faults or limitations, we quickly become despondent, deflated and discouraged. We swing from misplaced overconfidence to a wish to give up trying. We somehow think we should be naturally endowed with perfect abilities, and we think we should enjoy great success without putting in the necessary preparatory work. We would rather not try at all than give something our all and then come up short. With pride we become obsessed with “winning” and “losing,” and most importantly with whether or not we are better than everyone else. This introduces haughtiness towards some, competitiveness towards others, and jealousy towards everyone else. With pride, we are loathe to look at our faults because doing so shatters our inflated sense of our own abilities, and we would rather knowingly live a lie than come down to earth and begin rebuilding. If we have every delusion except pride, we can identify our faults and gradually overcome them all. If we have pride, however, we can never go anywhere on the spiritual path. We may even occupy a high spiritual position, be venerated by everyone, but inside we know we are a charlatan; or worse, we don’t even realize that we are.
Many people in this world suffer from one form of addiction or another. Conventionally, programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous, etc., have emerged to provide people with a means of overcoming their addition. If we examine the 12 steps of such programs carefully, we shall see they are, in almost every way, the essential meaning of this precept. The 12 steps are:
- We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable.
- Came to believe that a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
- Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.
- Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
- Admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
- Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
- Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
- Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.
- Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.
- Continued to take personal inventory, and when we were wrong, promptly admitted it.
- Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
- Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and to practice these principles in all our affairs.
As Kadampas, we realize we are addicted to samsara. It is our delusions that sustain this addiction. Our addiction has caused us to harm all those around us. But if we ruthlessly acknowledge our shortcomings and humbly request the Buddhas, in particular Dorje Shugden, to help us overcome them, then we can eventually break our addiction to samsara and then help others do the same.